The number of registered automobiles in 2002 was 2 497 885. The region has a total of 10 945 km of roads, of which 568 km are motorways, 1181 km are state roads, 1910 km are regional roads, and 7213 km are local roads. During 2001 there were 25 845 automobile accidents with an average fatality rate of 3%, which is above the national average.
The total protected land area in the region of Emilia Romagna is 88 094 ha, which accounts for 3.1% of the national total. Of these, 30 751 ha are national parks, 8246 ha are natural reserves protected by the state, 47 246 ha are regional nature parks, and 1708 ha are protected nature zones. The average annual amount of pollution measured by the amount of refuse per capita was 632 kg in 2000, while the average rate of garbage created by each resident was 1612 kg in the same year.